| keywords||perceptual causality, autism |
| abstract|| |
This study investigated perceptual causality for launch, reaction and related events in 20 high-functioning children with autism (mean CA = 13, VMA = 9.7) and 22 typically developing controls. We employed a picture choice methodology with low verbal demands following Ray and Schlottmann, (2007, Research in ASD, in press). Children watched 14 different animations and chose one of three pictures depicting physical or social causality, or non-causality. The performance of children with autism was comparable to that of typically developing children, with no deficit in launching or reaction, in contrast to previous work. This suggests that deficits with launching found in a younger sample (Ray & Schlottmann, 2007) may be overcome with age/higher verbal IQ. Generally weak performance as found by Bowler and Thommen for both groups (2000, Autism, 4(2), 147-171) may mainly reflect the high verbal demands of their test, while specific deficits on social animations (Bowler & Thommen, 2000; Klin, 2000, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 831-846) may only appear for more complex stimuli.