| luogo||Graduate College Santa Chiara, Siena (13-14 May 2004)|
| keywords||evolution of communication, implicit vs. explicit knowledge, behavioral implicit communication |
| abstract||This workshop brings together leading scholars in different disciplines to address one of the most controversial issue in cognitive science: the evolution of communication. Main purpose of the workshop is to compare researches and results in two closely related, but not yet integrated, fields of study: the evolution of communication before language, and the distinction between implicit and explicit knowledge in communication.|
| programma||Session 1: The evolution of communication before language|
In the last decade an increasing number of researchers from different disciplines have emphasized the need of integrated and interdisciplinary studies on the evolution of communication, both in human and non-human species. How did communication evolve? How do communicative skills develop in social species? What are the relations between human communication and communication in non-human species?
The topics addressed in this workshop include (but are not limited to) the origin of language, the role of behavioral traits as means for communication, the complex development of communicative skills in children and animals, and artificial simulations of language acquisition using neural networks. Special attention is devoted to the early stages in the evolution of communication: i.e. pre-linguistic and behavioral communication.
Session 2: Implicit vs explicit knowledge
The nature of the distinction between explicit and implicit communication, which is a main topic of an evolutionistic approach to communication, is based on a more general definition of the concepts of implicit and explicit knowledge. Nevertheless, such a notion is still object of an open debate in cognitive science.
What does it mean for knowledge to be explicit or implicit, explicitly or implicitly represented in a system? Is it there any way to segment the continuum that separates these two states? Is implicitness a still and invariable feature of knowledge, or is it possible to model the processes through which knowledge can become explicit? Do language and communication play any role in accounting for those processes which make information explicit? How do they interact with evolutionary and developmental issues? Is implicitness a structural or a procedural property of information? Is it a matter of consciousness?
Similar problems have been addressed by several disciplines, including cognitive and developmental psychology, cognitive neurosciences, linguistics, philosophy, and semiotics. This workshop is meant to compare and contrast all these different approaches, in order to foster a more integrated and unambiguous definition of implicit and explicit knowledge.
Session 1: The evolution of communication before language (May 13, 2004)
Cristiano Castelfranchi – ISTC-CNR, Roma
Julia Fischer – Max Planck Institute, Leipzig
Pat Healey – Queen Mary University, London
Domeniso Parisi – ISTC-CNR, Roma
Elena Pizzuto – ISTC-CNR, Roma
Luc Steels – Sony Computer Science Lab, Paris / University of Brussels
Session 2: Implicit vs. explicit knowledge (May 14, 2004)
Zoltan Dienes – University of Sussex
David Kirsch – University of California, San Diego
Glenda Lassi – Università di Siena
Luigi Rizzi – Università di Siena
Ted Ruffman – University of Sussex
Marco Zorzi – Università di Padova